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A medical sign, (often simply referred to as a sign), is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a physician during a physical examination of a patient. Signs may have no meaning for, or even be noticed by, the patient, but may be full of meaning for the healthcare provider, and are often significant in assisting a healthcare provider in diagnosis of the medical condition responsible for the patient's symptoms.

List of medical signsEdit

The following lists of medical signs are grouped according to speciality.

Cardiovascular systemEdit

Cardiology related signs Heart symbol
SignDescription
Austin Flint Murmur Mid-diastolic rumble heard at apex.
Bainbridge reflex Increase in heart rate with increase in circulating blood volume.
Bracht-Wachter bodies Yellow-white spots in the myocardium.
Branham’s sign* (see Nicoladoni) Pressing on proximal portion of AV fistula results in bradycardia.
Broadbent inverted sign Systole palpable in posterior chest wall.
Broadbent sign Recession of L-inferior intercostal spaces.
Bruit de Roger (pediatric) Loud pansystolic murmur.
Cardarelli’s sign Left displacement of trachea elicits palpable pulsation of same.
Carey Coombs murmur Mid-diastolic rumble.
Carvallo’s sign Increase in volume of murmur on inspiration.
Churchill-Cope reflex Distension of pulmonary vascular bed causes tachypnoea.
Corrigan pulse (see also: Water hammer pulse) Carotid pulsations with abrupt ascending and descending phases.
De Musset’s sign Head nodding in time with heartbeat.
Duroziez’s sign Double bruit heard over femoral artery when it is compressed distally (see also: Traube's sign).
Ewart’s sign Percussive dullness, aegophony and bronchial breath sounds at L scapular tip.
Frank’s sign Ear crease indicating risk of heart disease (disputed).
Friedrich’s sign Collapse of distended neck veins in diastole.
Gallavardin phenomenon Dissociation of musical and noisy elements in ejection murmur.
Graham Steell murmur Pulmonary regurgitation murmur in patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to mitral stenosis.
Janeway lesion Palmar or plantar erythematous or haemorrhagic papules.
Korotkoff sounds 5 sounds originally described - only the first (the onset of audible sound,
corresponding to systolic pressure) and the fifth (sound becomes inaudible,
corresponding to diastolic pressure) are of practical & clinical significance.
Kussmaul’s sign
Lancisi’s sign
Levine’s sign
Litten’s sign
Mayne’s sign (Mayen’s sign?)
McConnell’s sign
Müller’s sign
Wolff-Parkinson-White triadv
Osborn wave
Quincke’s sign
Schamroth’s window test
Shone’s complex

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